“Sadly, Halloween can be filled with more tricks than treats for our pets,” says Dr. Tina Wismer, medical director at the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center.
“Including your pet in the family’s festivities on fright night might sound fun, but pet owners should know that many holiday traditions are not safe for the four-legged members of our household. It’s important to be vigilant of the dangers that could spook or injure your pets, and follow some simple steps to keep them out of harm’s way.”
1. Trick-or-treating is for kids, not pets. During trick-or-treating hours, it is best to keep pets in a room away from all the excitement at the front door. A constantly ringing doorbell and a flurry of strangers in unfamiliar costumes can be frightening for pets.
“Be sure that your pet is always wearing a collar with ID tags, should he or she accidentally get loose,” adds Gail Buchwald, senior vice president of the ASPCA Adoption Center. “Halloween brings a constant stream of visitors to the door, and pets can easily slip out unnoticed.”
Making sure your pet is always wearing a collar with ID tags and is micro-chipped can greatly increase the chances they will be returned home if lost. Be prepared if your scaredy cat (or dog) should run away by downloading the ASPCA mobile app, which stores vital medical records and advice should your pet become lost.
2. Be careful with costumes. If you dress up your pet for Halloween, make sure the costume does not limit their movement, hearing, sight or ability to breathe, bark, eat, drink or go to the bathroom. Also check the costume for choking hazards. Looking for a smart alternative to dressing your pet from head-to-paw? Try a simple, festive Halloween bandanna.
3. No sweets! Several popular Halloween treats are toxic to pets, especially candies containing the artificial sweetener Xylitol, which can be poisonous to dogs. Even small amounts of Xylitol can cause a sudden drop in your dog’s blood sugar, which may lead to lack of coordination, seizures and depression.
“Chocolate, especially dark chocolate, can also be potentially poisonous to animals,” advises Dr. Wismer. Symptoms of significant chocolate ingestion may include vomiting, diarrhea, hyperactivity, increased thirst and urination, heart rhythm abnormalities and even seizures.
4. Beware of dangerous decorations. Re-think putting burning candles in jack-o-lanterns. Pets can easily knock these over and start a fire, and curious kittens are particularly at risk of getting burned by candle flames.
Also take care to prevent your pets from having access to wires and cords from holiday decorations. If chewed, a wire can damage your pet’s mouth from shards of glass or plastic, or deliver a potentially lethal electrical shock.
Pumpkins themselves are relatively non-toxic, but could cause upset stomachs if pets nibble on them.
5. Watch out for wrappers. Cats love to play with candy wrappers, but ingesting aluminum foil or cellophane can cause intestinal blockage and vomiting.
If your dog or cat accidentally ingests any potentially harmful products and you need emergency advice, please consult your veterinarian or call the ASPCA’s Animal Poison Control Center at (888) 426-4435 or http://www.aspca.org/apcc.